Women in STEM advent calendar: Day 16 – Etheldred Benett

This winter, we are celebrating the festive season by honouring 25 amazing women in STEM, some of which you might not know of!

Etheldred Benett

First female geologist
22 July 1776 – 11 Jan 1845
United Kingdom

Etheldred Benett collected and catalogued thousands of fossils, discovering several new species and the first mollusc fossils with soft tissue preserved. She provided access to vital specimens and stratigraphic data to her male peers, and sent specimens to museums around the UK. Assuming she was a man, Tsar Nicholas I of Russia granted her a doctorate from the University of St Petersburg.

For more on Etheldred Benett:

 

Day 15 – Professor Honoria Acosta-Sison Day 17 – Whakaotirangi

 

Women in STEM advent calendar: Day 15 – Professor Honoria Acosta-Sison

This winter, we are celebrating the festive season by honouring 25 amazing women in STEM, some of which you might not know of!

Professor Honoria Acosta-Sison

First Filipina doctor
30 Dec 1887 – 19 Jan 1970
Philippines

Honoria Acosta-Sison was the first Filipina physician, surgeon and obstetrician. At the University of Manila, she helped establish obstetrics and gynaecology as a specialty. She improved medical care for pregnant women and new mothers, and was an internationally renowned expert on trophoblastic disease and pre-eclampsia. She received many awards, including the Presidential Medal.   

For more on Professor Honoria Acosta-Sison:

 

Day 14 – Al-‘Ijliyah al-Asturlabi Day 16 – Etheldred Benett

Women in STEM advent calendar: Day 14 – Al-‘Ijliyah al-Asturlabi

This winter, we are celebrating the festive season by honouring 25 amazing women in STEM, some of which you might not know of!

Al-‘Ijliyah al-Asturlabi

Maker of astrolabes
Mid-10th Century CE
Syria

Al-‘Ijliyah al-Asturlabi made astrolabes, learning first from her father before being apprenticed to mastercraftsman Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh Nasṭūlus. Her intricate and innovative designs led her to work for Sayf al-Dawla, the Emir of Aleppo, from 944 to 967 CE. She also inspired the titular character in Nnedi Okorafor’s sci-fi novella Binti.

Al-‘Ijliyah al-Asturlabi is also called Mariam al-Asturlabi, Mariam ‘Al-Astrolabiya’ Al-Ijliya, and Al-‘Ijliyah bint al-‘Ijli al-Asturlabi, or in Arabic, العجلية بنت العجلي الأسطرلابي .

For more on Al-‘Ijliyah al-Asturlabi:

 

Day 13 – Rupa Bai Furdoonji Day 15 – Professor Honoria Acosta-Sison

 

Women in STEM advent calendar: Day 13 – Dr Rupa Bai Furdoonji

This winter, we are celebrating the festive season by honouring 25 amazing women in STEM, some of which you might not know of!

Dr Rupa Bai Furdoonji

First female anaesthetist
before 1885 – after 1920
India

Rupa Bai Furdoonji studied at the Hyderabad Medical School from 1885 to 1889, then worked as a hospital anaesthesiologist, administering chloroform. She was a contributor to the Second Hyderabad Chloroform Commission. In 1909, she studied physics and chemistry at Edinburgh, and later also earnt a doctorate at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. She retired in 1920.

Extra info: In that era, anaesthesiology wasn’t a separate discipline as the surgeon would administer the anaesthetic, but physics and chemistry were considered useful subjects for anyone handling anaesthetics. Dr Edward Laurie, the principal of Hyderabad Medical School, encouraged Rupa Bai to become an anaesthesia specialist, and she was likely the first woman to do so.

For more on Dr Rupa Bai Furdoonji:

 

Day 12 – Dr Nadezhda Suslova Day 14 – Al-‘Ijliyah al-Asturlabi

 

Women in STEM advent calendar: Day 12 – Dr Nadezhda Suslova

This winter, we are celebrating the festive season by honouring 25 amazing women in STEM, some of which you might not know of!

Advent 12 - Dr Nadezhda Suslova

Dr Nadezhda Suslova

Russia’s first female physician
1 Sep 1843 – 20 Apr 1918
Russia

Nadezhda Suslova was one of only three women allowed to study at the Imperial Military Medical Academy, St Petersburg. When they banned women, she finished her PhD at the University of Zurich, becoming their first female doctor. Returning to Russia, she passed her professional exam, practiced gynaecology and paediatrics, and studied the public health risks of slums.

Her full name is Nadezhda Prokofyevna Suslova, or in Russian, Надежда Прокофьевна Суслова.

For more on Dr Nadezhda Suslova:

 

Day 11 – Professor Fahire Battalgazi Day 13 – Rupa Bai Furdoonji